Weightlifting / Powerlifting for sport performance

Powerlifting

Is a strength sport that consists of three attempts at maximal weight on three lifts:

  1. Squat,
  2. Bench press,
  3. And Deadlift.

As in the sport of Olympic weightlifting, it involves lifting weights in three attempts.

Powerlifting evolved from a sport known as “odd lifts”, which followed the same three-attempt format but used a wider variety of events, akin to strongman competition. Eventually odd lifts became standardized to the current three.

Olympic weightlifting

Also called Olympic-style weightlifting, or weightlifting, is an athletic discipline in the modern Olympic programs in which participants attempt a maximum-weight single lift of a barbell loaded with weight plates.

In comparison with other strength sports, which test limit strength (with or without lifting aids), Olympic weightlifting tests aspects of human ballistic limits (explosive strength) and are therefore executed faster—and with more mobility and a greater range of motion during their execution – than other lifts. Properly executed, the snatch and the clean and jerk are both dynamic and explosive while appearing graceful, especially when viewed from a recording at a slowed speed.

As a sport

The two competition lifts in order are the

  1. Snatch and the
  2. clean and jerk.

Each weightlifter receives three attempts in each, and the combined total of the highest two successful lifts determines the overall result within a bodyweight category.

Bodyweight categories are different for women and men. A lifter who fails to complete at least one successful snatch and one successful clean and jerk also fails to total, and therefore receives an “incomplete” entry for the competition. The clean and press was once a competition lift, but was discontinued due to difficulties in judging proper form.

The lifts and their components are commonly used by elite athletes in other sports to train for both explosive and functional strength.

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